Research and Academic CV

Below is my academic CV. For my development resume please contact me separately.

A full list of my publications can be found on my curriculum vitae, below. 

For some informal, popular pieces on the philosophy of dance see:

Academic Curriculum Vitae

Aili Whalen (formerly Bresnahan)


Areas of Research Specialization: Aesthetics (especially the philosophy of dance, improvisation, and performance), Philosophy of Law, American Philosophy

Areas of Competence: Ethics, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Human Rights, Philosophy of Human Identity (Race, Gender, Sexual Orientation, Disability)





Associate Professor, Philosophy Department, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH. (Associate Professor August 2019-November 2022, Assistant Professor August 2015-May 2019, Lecturer August 2012-May 2015). Teaching: Aesthetics courses, Philosophy of Law, Human Rights, and Introduction to Philosophy. Joint appointment as the Humanities Commons Coordinator, College of Arts and Sciences, August 2017-May 2020. 




Temple University, Philadelphia, PA. Doctor of Philosophy, Philosophy (May 2012). Thesis: Dance as Art: A Studio-Based Account. Dissertation Committee: Joseph Margolis (Advisor, Philosophy), Philip Alperson (Philosophy), Miriam Solomon (Philosophy), Karen Bond (Dance) and Elisabeth Camp (Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania).

Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, DC. Juris Doctor (May 1994). Thesis: Advocating Justice: Changing the Lawyer’s Professional Role and the Requirements of the Adversary System. Notes Editor, Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics. Student Attorney, Georgetown Family Poverty Law Clinic.

Columbia University, Columbia College, New York, NY. Bachelor of Arts, Philosophy (May 1990). Editorial Columnist, The Columbia Spectator. Parliamentary Debating Association. Witness for Peace delegate, Managua and La Victoria, Nicaragua.

University of London, King’s College, London, UK(1988-1989). Junior Year Abroad Philosophy Student. Feature Writer, King’s College Student Newsletter. Kings’ College Players.

F.H. LaGuardia High School of the Performing Arts (1983-1986). Ballet Major, Dance Department. 




Journal Articles, Book Chapters, and Encyclopedia Entries


“Dance Ethics.” In the Oxford Handbook on Art and Ethics. Edited by James Harold. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023.

“What, What, After All, Is Margolis’ Problem With Weitz’ Definition of Art?” East Asian Journal of Philosophy 2, no. 2 (2023): 57-69.

“Interpretation in Dance Performing.” In The Bloomsbury Handbook to Dance and Philosophy, Ch. 2.2, 139-149, edited by Rebecca Farinas and Julie Van Camp. Consulting editors: Craig Hanks and Aili Bresnahan. London: Bloomsbury Academic Publishing, 2021.

With Einav Katan-Schmid and Sara Houston. “Dance as Embodied Ethics.” In The Routledge Companion to Performance Philosophy, Ch. 39, 379-386, edited by Laura Cull Ó Maoilearca and Alice Lagaay. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2020. 

“Is Tap Dance a Form of Jazz Percussion?” Midwest Studies in Philosophy XLIV (2019): 183-194.

“The Philosophy of Dance,” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Edward N. Zalta (principal editor), first substantive review published online on November 19, 2019. The initial edition was published January 12, 2015.

“Dance Rhythm.” In The Philosophy of Rhythm: Aesthetic, Music, Poetics, Ch. 5, 91-98, edited by Peter Cheyne, Andy Hamilton, and Max Paddison. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.

“Perceiving Live Improvisation in the Performing Arts.” In Perception, Cognition, and Aesthetics, 106-119, edited by Dena Shottenkirk, Manuel Curado, and Steven S. Gouveia. London: Routledge, 2019.

With Michael Deckard. “Beauty in Disability: An Aesthetics for Dance and for Life.” In Dance and Quality of Life, Social Indicators Research Series, Vol. 73, Chapter 11, 185-206, edited by Karen Bond. Netherlands: Springer, 2019. 

“Appreciating Dance: The View from the Audience.” In Aesthetics: A Reader in the Philosophy of the Arts, 4thedition, 347-350, edited by David Goldblatt, Lee Brown, and Stephanie Patridge. New York: Routledge, 2017.

“Dancing in Time.” In The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Temporal Experience, 339-348, edited by Ian Phillips. London: Routledge, 2017.

“How Artistic Creativity is Possible for Cultural Agents.” In Pragmatism, Metaphysics and Culture: Reflections on the Philosophy of Joseph Margolis, 197-216, edited by Dirk-Martin Grube and Robert Sinclair. Helsinki: The Nordic Pragmatism Network, 2015. 

“Improvisation in the Arts.” Philosophy Compass 9, no. 10 (September 2015): 573-582. Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell.

“Toward A Deweyan Theory of Ethical and Aesthetic Performing Arts Practice.” The Journal of Aesthetics and Phenomenology 1, no. 2 (November 2014): 133-148. Publisher: Bloomsbury.

“Censorship as Catalyst for Artistic Innovation.” Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 23, no. 2 (2014): 98-116. Publisher: Center for Peace and Justice Innovation at Villanova University.

“Improvisational Artistry in Live Dance Performance as Embodied and Extended Agency.” Dance Research Journal 46, no. 1 (April 2014): 84-94. Publisher: Cambridge University Press.

“Joseph Margolis.” In The Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, Second Edition, vol. 4, 246-250, edited by Michael Kelly. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

“Morris Weitz.” In The Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, Second Edition, vol. 6, 271-274, edited by Michael Kelly. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.


Book Reviews


Pragmatist Philosophy and Dance: Interdisciplinary Dance Research in the American South (by Eric Mullis, Palgrave MacMillan, 2019), Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 57, no. 3 (Summer 2021): 402-405.

Improvising Improvisation: From Out of Philosophy, Music, Dance, and Literature (by Gary Peters, University of Chicago Press, 2017), Transposition. Musique et sciences sociales 7 (2018),

Body Aesthetics (edited by Sherri Irvin, Oxford, 2016), The British Journal of Aesthetics 58, vol. 1 (27 February 2018): 111-113.

Embodied Philosophy in Dance: Gaga, and Ohad Naharin’s Movement Research (by Einav Katan, Palgrave Macmillan, 2016), The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 75, no. 3 (Summer 2017): 310-311.

Art and Morality: Essays in the Spirit of George Santayana (by Morris Grossman, Fordham University Press, American Philosophy series, 2014), Overhead in Seville: Bulletin of the Santayana Society 33 (Fall 2015): 68-71.

Acts: Theater, Philosophy and the Performing Self (by Tzachi Zamir, The University of Michigan Press, 2014), The Philosophers’ Magazine 69 (2nd Quarter 2015): 125-126. 

The Philosophical Aesthetics of Dance: Identity, Performance and Understanding (by Graham McFee, Dance Books Ltd., 2011), The Dance Research Journal 45, no. 2 (August 2013): 142-145.


Magazines and Blogs


“A Philosopher Explains Why Dance Can Help Pandemic-Proof Your Kids.” The Conversation (U.S. edition), May 29, 2020, published online:

“Diversified Philosophy.” The Philosophers’ Magazine 80 (1st Quarter 2018): 78-79.

“Dancing Philosophy: What Happens to Philosophy when Considered from the Point of View of the Dancer.” Fatum 4, no. 33 (June 2016 special issue on intelligence, form, and the arts): 37-39. Available online Publisher: Technical University, Munich, Germany.

“Thoughts on the Philosophy of Dance by the Philosopher at the Dance Conference and the Dancer at the Philosophy Conference.” Aesthetics for Birds (March 31, 2014):




University of Dayton Dean's Summer Fellowship Supervisor (Summer 2022). $1,000 grant for me and $3,000 for the student I supervised for a research project on the aesthetics of Polen Farm in Kettering, OH.

Marc Sanders Foundation Media Fellow (2021-2022). $1,500 grant to be a Fellow in the Philosophy in Media initiative funded in part by a Public Engagement Grant from the John Templeton Foundation. Here I will take part in an Op-Ed writing workshop run by James Ryerson of the New York Times from April 15-16, 2022, at the Pacific American Philosophical Association meeting in Vancouver, BC.

Fulbright U.S. Research Scholar Award to the United Kingdom (2020-2021). £22,500 research scholar grant award in support of a nine-month research project entitled “Cross-Cultural Ethical Agency in Dance and Philosophy” at the Centre for Dance Research at the University of Roehampton in London, UK. 

University of Dayton Research Council Summer Research Fellowship and Grant-in-Aid (Summer 2017). $5,000 in fellowship funds and $1,500 in grant-in-aid funds to support research at the Jacob’s Pillow Dance Festival in the Berkshires and the writing of one chapter of a philosophy of dance monograph.

University of Dayton Research Council Summer Research Fellowship and Grant-in-Aid (Summer 2016). $5,000 in fellowship funds and $913 in grant-in-aid funds to support research at the NY Performing Arts Library and the writing of one chapter of a philosophy of dance monograph.

Crossing Boundaries Award for Course Development (Spring 2013). $2,500 to develop Philosophy and Theatre/Dance: Performing Human Identity with UD’s Theatre Department, an interdisciplinary course that explores issues of performing human identity in dance and in theatre.

American Society for Aesthetics Honorarium for Managing Editor position for the American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-journal (June 2010-June 2012). $3,200 plus expense reimbursement for participation at the national American Society of Aesthetics conferences for managing all aspects of the editing, marketing and publication of ASAGE, an online journal for high-quality graduate work in Aesthetics. 

Temple University, Philosophy Department, Teaching/Research Fellowship, Philadelphia, PA (Fall 2008-June 2011). $15,000/year merit-based stipend plus tuition reimbursement for graduate studies at Temple University in exchange for teaching one course per semester and assisting Joseph Margolis with research. 

Congressional Black Caucus Fellowship, Office of Congressman Charles B. Rangel, Washington, DC (Summer 1987). Received a summer stipend and served as a Black Caucus fellow. Worked on issues including an international summit meeting on apartheid in South Africa and issues of local concern to East Harlem, NY residents.




Invited Workshop Presentation, Scottish Aesthetics Forum, Department of Philosophy, St. Andrews, Scotland (April 2022): Title TBA but will be on ethical agency in dance.

Panelist, “Performance Philosophy Problems: How Does Performance Philosophy Collaborate?” Performance Philosophy Conference, Uniarts, Helsinki, Finland (June 15-18, 2022): Problems of Grounding Ethics: Performative Rehearsal. Co-presenter with Einav Katan-Schmid and Ilya Vidrin.

Invited Workshop Presentation, Embodied Cognition and Dance, Department of Philosophy, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN (July 2021): Towards an Enactivist Account of Dancing Style.

Invited Workshop Presentation, “Responsive Bodies – Ethics of Temporal Community in Contemporary Dance”, Cluster of Excellence EXC 2020 Temporal Communities: Doing Literature in a Global Perspective, Freie Universität Berlin (June 2021): Enactive Communal Expression in Dance: Limits on Spectator Access.

Invited Seminar Presentation, Centre for Dance Research Seminar, University of Roehampton (May 2021 via Zoom): The Hips Don’t Lie: Affective Ethics and Bodily Communication in Dance.

Panelist, American Society for Aesthetics Panel on Embodied Beauties: The Politics and Aesthetics of the Moving Body, College Art Association Conference, Chicago, IL (February 2020): Dance as Body-Centered Art-in-Progress.

Keynote Address, Conference on Philosophy of Performance: Beyond the Continental/Analytic Divide, University of Kent (May 2019): The Case for Multi-Methodological Competency in Philosophy of Theatre Art

Invited Panelist, Jazz and Philosophy Intermodal Conference, Orange Coast College, Costa Mesa, CA (April 2019): Tap Dance as Jazz Percussion.

Workshop Presenter, Creating A 21st-Century General Education Conference, Association of American Colleges and Universities (February 2019): Interdisciplinary Humanities Learning at the University of Dayton. Co-presenter with Bill Trollinger, Marissa McCray, and Phyllis Bergiel.

Invited Plenary Lecture, Summer Institute in American Philosophy, Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy, Dayton, OH (July 2018): Philosophy, Sustainability, and the Arts. Co-presenter with William C. Marvin.

American Society for Aesthetics Eastern Division Meeting (April 2018): Dancing Style.

Transmissions and Traces: Rendering Dance, Dance Studies Association Annual Meeting, Columbus, OH (October 2017): Moving Form in Langer, in Gaga, and in Ballet.

How Does Performance Philosophy Act? Ethos, Ethics Ethnography, Performance Philosophy Conference, The Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Performing Arts, Prague, Czech Republic (June 2017): Contact Philosophy: Dance as Embodied Ethics of Comprehension and Understanding. Co-presenter with Einav Katan-Schmid (Humboldt Universitat, Berlin) and Sara Houston (University of Roehampton, London).

Invited Lectures, Aesthetics Forum, Institute for Logic, Cognition, Language, and Information (ILCLI), University of the Basque Country, Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain (June 2017): Improvising Dance (first day), and Interpretation in Dance Performing (second day).

Invited Lecture, Dialogues on Dance, Philosophy, and Performance in the Contemporary Neoliberal Moment Conference, University of Coventry, UK (June 2017): Dancing Together: How Dance Involves Lived, Shared, and Interconnected Experience.

Invited Lecture and Seminar Workshop, Rutgers University Dance Department MFA Program, Mason Gross School of the Arts, New Brunswick, NJ (March 2017): The Aesthetics of Dance Improvisation: A Challenge for Philosophy. Co-sponsored by the Rutgers Philosophy Department and by the Center for Women in the Arts and Humanities. Provided a public address and then held a seminar the next day with the Rutgers Dance Department MFA program students.

American Society for Aesthetics National Meeting, Seattle, WA (November 2016): Immersive Beauty in Disabled Dance. Co-written with Michael Deckard from Lenoir-Rhyne University. 

Engagement: Symposium for Philosophy of Dance and Performance, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX (September 2016): Interpretation in Dance Performance.

American Society for Aesthetics National Meeting, Savannah, GA (November 2015): Taking It to the Stage: How Popular Dance Achieves Fine Art Status.

Keynote Address, Lenoir-Rhyne University Symposium on University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE), Hickory, NC (April 2015): Unlocking Creativity through Improvisation.

American Philosophical Association Central Division Meeting, St. Louis, MO (February 2015): Taking It to the Stage: How Popular Dance Achieves Fine Art Status.

International Peace Research Association Conference, Istanbul, Turkey (August 2014): Ending Violent Conflict without Fixed Moral Principles.

American Philosophical Association Eastern Division Meeting, Baltimore, MD (December 2013): The Roar of the Crowd: Collective Appreciation in Sports and the Performing Arts. 

American Society for Aesthetics, National Meeting, San Diego, CA (November 2013): Censorship as Catalyst for Artistic Innovation. 

The Metaphysics of Culture–the Philosophy of Joseph Margolis Conference, Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, Helsinki, Finland (May 2013): The Artist as Cultural Agent: A Theory of Artistic Practice Extrapolated from the Philosophy of Joseph Margolis

American Society for Aesthetics, National Meeting, St. Louis, MO (October 2012): Improvisational Artistry and Style in Live Dance Performance as Evidence of Embodied and Extended Mind.

Feminist Pragmatism in Place Colloquium, University of Dayton, OH (October 2012): “Ballet is for Girls and Girlie-Men”: A Pragmatist, Feminist Evaluation of Why Dance is an Undervalued Art.

American Society for Aesthetics, National Meeting, Tampa, FL (October 2011): When Studio Meets Audience in Artistic Dance Performance.

American Society for Aesthetics, National Meeting, Victoria, BC (October 2010): Rethinking the Role of Subjectivity in Dance: An Analysis of Susanne Langer’s “Virtual Powers.”

American Society for Aesthetics, National Meeting, Boulder, CO (October 2009): Toward a Deweyan Theory of Performing Arts Practice.

American Society for Aesthetics, Eastern Division Meeting, Philadelphia, PA (April 2008): Interpreting Margolis: An Attempt to Simplify (Without Reducing) His View of Determinable but Not Determinate Artistic Properties.



Professorial Inauguration of Catherine F. Botha, University of Johannesburg, South Africa (November 2021). Response in support of “Heidegger’s Augenblick and the Ephemerality of Dance” by Catherine F. Botha.

American Society for Aesthetics, Eastern Division Meeting, online (April 2021): Commented on Choreography Invisible by Anna Pakes (Oxford University Press, 2021) as part of Author-Meets-Critics Panel.

American Society for Aesthetics, Pacific Division Meeting, online (March 2021): Commented on “Give me Glamour!”: What posing shows us about spontaneity in expert artistic movement by Aurélie Debaene. 

American Society for Aesthetics, National Meeting, Toronto, Canada (October 2018): Commented on On the Structure of Improv-Artistry as a Skillful Action by Tyler Olsson.

American Society for Aesthetics, National Meeting, New Orleans, LA (November 2017): Chaired and organized panel on Afro-Caribbean dance.

American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division Meeting, Philadelphia, PA (December 2014): Commented on The Imaginative and Fictionality Puzzles by Nils-Hennes Stear.

Rites.Rights.Writes Philosophy Department Symposium, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH (November 2014): Organized and presented on a panel entitled Philosophy and Peace Discourse.

American Society for Aesthetics, National Meeting, San Antonio, TX (October 2014): Commented on Aesthetic Judgment in Law by Brian Soucek.

Rites.Rights.Writes Philosophy Department Symposium, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH (October 2013): Organized and presented on a panel entitled Oppression and Resilience: Human Rights and the Arts.

American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division, Seattle, WA (April 2012): Commented on Dance: The Ephemeral Art? by Renee Conroy.

The Aesthetics of Music and Sound: More than Meets the Ear, Syddansk Universitet, The University of Southern Denmark (March 2012): Presented Reflections on Improvisational Artistry and Style in Live Music and Dance Performance for an international lecture series moderated by Cynthia M. Grund.

American Society for Aesthetics, Eastern Division Meeting, Philadelphia, PA (April 2011): Commented on The Audience is Present: Romanticism and the Performances of Marina Abramović by Rachel Falkenstern.

American Society for Aesthetics, Eastern Division Meeting, Philadelphia, PA (April 2010): Comment on Anatomical Evolution and the Aesthetic Response to Figurative Art by Albert Magro.

American Society for Aesthetics, Eastern Division Meeting, Philadelphia, PA (April 2009): Commented on Dreams in Motion: A Phenomenological Analysis of Masculinity, Sexuality and Class in Dance Films by Ellen Miller.

American Society for Aesthetics, Eastern Division Meeting, Philadelphia, PA (April 2007): Is There a Role for the Ontology of Art in Copyright Analysis? (Commented on Can You Copyright A Plot? by Darren Hudson Hick).




Courses Taught at University of Dayton:


Teacher and Research Fellow/Assistant, Philosophy Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA (Fall 2008-June 2010). Full-charge teacher in the Temple Philosophy Department (see “Courses Taught” for descriptions, below). Research Assistant for Professor Joseph Margolis.


Full-charge Courses Taught at Temple University: 




Editorial Board Member for Perspectivas in Palmas, Brazil (February 2022-current). This is an open-access journal of the Postgraduate Program in Philosophy of the Universidade Federal do Tocantins (UFT).

Trustee, The American Society for Aesthetics (February 2021-January 2024).

Outside Examiner for Doctoral Thesis, “An Enactivist Model of Improvisational Dance,” by Christian Kronsted (Spring 2021, TBA). Department of Philosophy, University of Memphis, USA. Directors: Deborah Tollefsen and Shaun Gallagher.

Outside Examiner for Doctoral Thesis, “The Black South African Female Dancer: An Investigation of the Somaesthetic and Sarkaesthetic Dimensions of Identity Formation and Representation,” by Devon Bailey (TBA). Department of Philosophy, University of Johannesburg, South Africa. Director: Catherine Botha.

Outside Examiner for Doctoral Dissertation, “A Cognitive Science Approach to Contemporary Dance Appreciation,” by Aida Fernández Cotarelo (Fall-Winter 2020). The Institute for Logic, Cognition, Language and Information and Department of Social Psychology and Methodology of Behavioral Sciences University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain. Director: Kepa Korta.

Chair, Lecturer Promotion Committee, Department of Philosophy, University of Dayton (Fall 2019-Fall 2021). Chaired committee that oversees teaching and portfolio review for lecturers seeking promotion.

Member, Tenure and Promotion Committee, Department of Philosophy, University of Dayton (Fall 2019-Present).Was member of committee that determines which Philosophy Department tenure-track faculty members are advanced, promoted, and awarded tenure.

Aesthetics Editor, The Philosophers’ Magazine (March 2017-July 2020). Solicited and edited articles on popular, contemporary, and diverse topics in Aesthetics for a general philosophy audience.

Vice-Chair, The American Society for Aesthetics Diversity Caucus (Fall 2016-Fall 2019). Assisted the Chair in efforts to increase diversity at the American Society for Aesthetics and in the field of Aesthetics overall.

Program Committee, The American Society for Aesthetics 77th Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ (October 2019). Reviewed papers and panel proposals, make decisions on awards, and perform other tasks as needed by the American Society for Aesthetics Program Chair.

Selma Jean Cohen Prize Panelist, The American Society for Aesthetics (May-July 2019). One of a three-judge panel that decided upon the winner of the Selma Jean Cohen Prize in dance aesthetics, theory, and history, for this year’s category of a monograph published in the last two years.

Faculty Fellow, Collegium Annual Colloquy at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, MA (June 2018). Participated in weeklong Colloquy on Faith and Intellectual Life at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts.

Advisory Committee, Philosophy Department, University of Dayton (Fall 2016-Spring 2019). Advised the department on programming, hiring, and other administrative matters. 

Hiring Committee, Philosophy Department, University of Dayton (Fall 2018-Spring 2019). This is a search for a tenure-line faculty member in Philosophy of Mind.

Pre-Law Studies Committee, University of Dayton (Spring 2015-May 2020). Represented the Philosophy Department as part of the committee that advises and helps to disseminate information on the Pre-Law Studies program.

Hiring Committee, University of Dayton Department of Art & Design (Fall 2017-Spring 2018). Served as part of the hiring committee for a tenure-line faculty member in Ceramics.

Ad Hoc Committee on Information Literacy, University of Dayton College of Arts & Sciences (Fall 2017-Spring 2018). Made recommendations to the Academic Senate on curricula related to student information literacy.

Advisory Board, ASAGE (The American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-journal) (Fall 2015-Fall 2019). Advised graduate student editors on all aspects of publishing and marketing this online journal in aesthetics along with serving on the hiring committee for the next journal editors. I was also part of the ASA review committee for this journal in the summer and fall of 2017.

Mentor, The Job Candidate Mentoring Program for Women in Philosophy (Fall 2016-Spring 2017). Met with a job candidate who was on the market for the first time and shared advice and support during all stages of the job market process.

Outside Examiner for Master’s Thesis, Philosophy Department, Victoria University in Wellington, New Zealand, (Summer 2016). Reviewed a thesis in the philosophy of dance (on Butoh).

Program Organizer, American Society for Aesthetics Eastern Division Meeting, Philadelphia, PA (March 2015 and April 2016).

Program Organizer, Conference in Honor of Joseph Margolis’ 90th Birthday, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA (May 2014).

Peer Article Reviewer (Fall 2012-Present). Evaluated potential articles for publication for The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, The British Journal of Aesthetics, Choreographic Practices, Contemporary Aesthetics, Debates in Aesthetics, Hypatia, The Dance Research Journal, Philosophy Compass, Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, The Journal of Comparative Literature and Aesthetics, The Journal of Dance Therapy, The Journal of Music and Meaning, The Journal of Social Philosophy, The Polish Journal of Aesthetics, Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, Philosophical Inquiries, Philosophical Papers, Philosophical Quarterly, Memory Studies, Revista di Esthetica, and Synthese.